Measurement Of Intelligence By Drawings – Continuing with the various psychological measures of personality, this week I’m going to discuss an unusual (to say the least) method of personality testing – the Draw-A-Person (DAP) test for personality and intelligence. I think there are many valid and reliable tests that can be used to assess personality, and frankly this isn’t one of them, but it’s an interesting one nonetheless. The test method I discuss this week seems well-intentioned, but the entire method as a whole is questionable.
In 1926 Florence Goodenough created the first Draw-a-Man test that first assessed the level of intelligence and maturity in children through a non-verbal task: drawing a person. The test was intended to be an alternative to traditional intelligence tests and was a non-verbal, ‘non-threatening’ (ie no pressure on the examiner) task of assessing intelligence by scoring drawings. It was intended to eliminate prejudice by reducing language barriers (such as primary language differences, verbal skills, communication disabilities, working under pressure, etc.).
Measurement Of Intelligence By Drawings
Later revisions of the experiment included pictures of a man, a woman, and the child itself One review called the Goodenough-Harris DAP, and it was a psychometrically projective personality test used to assess children and adolescents for a variety of objective, personality traits, and emotional/behavioral disorders. Another later version of the experiment was conducted by Macover in 1949, and in this version the pictures were qualitatively measured in different sizes (Murstein, 1965). The personality traits/characteristics measured can be anything (eg aggressiveness, homophobic tendencies, sociability, introspection and agreeableness (Macover, 1949)).
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Harris’ 1963 book provides a scoring scale that can be used to test and score 3 draws. Also, .
, etc.), are used to define the subject’s personality, and any emotional/behavioral disorders. All body positions are also analyzed (eg where limbs attach). They measured
Facilities; It’s quick, easy, cheap and fun And the fact that it is a non-verbal test with little structure is a good and important feature that sets it apart from other personality/cognition tests.
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However… the use of drawings as measures of intelligence and personality is questionable Drawing ability is not a good predictor of cognitive ability (many factors such as environment and genetics play a role). After going through a huge list of drawing characteristics and their ‘meaning’, I came to the conclusion that ‘meaning’ in psychoanalytic imagination is too linguistic to be a defensible interpretation. Because really, how direct is the connection between a child pulling his teeth on his person and showing aggression? Maybe the kid likes to pull teeth…
Overall, it seems that personality analysis will be based on drawing I’m not sold on the scoring guidelines, and the presence/inactivity/size of various body parts doesn’t seem to be a reliable assessment of personality traits. I think there are better ways to measure intelligence, and there are certainly better ways to measure personality Open Access Policy Institutional Open Access Program Special Issue Guidelines Editorial Process Research and Publication Ethics Article Processing Charges Award Testimonials.
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Real human imagery in children with autism spectrum disorders: A possible window into the inner or outer world.
Pamela Papangelo 1, Martina Pinzino 1, Susanna Pelagati 2, Maddalena Fabri-Destro 1, *, † and Antonio Narcisi 3, †
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020.
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Background: Tests based on the human face picture (HFD) have long attracted the attention of clinicians and psychologists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HFD performance of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) compared with typically developing (TD) controls. Methods: All children were asked to draw three human portraits (male, female, self-portrait) and assessed with a neuropsychological battery. HFD was scored according to a maturity scale, and correlational approaches were applied that tested maturity against neuropsychological scores. Results: NSUs showed significant deficiencies in terms of maturity No significant correlation emerged between maturity and the conclusion of the mind test for either group Conversely, positive and significant correlations were found between maturity and affect recognition tests (AR) with group-specific patterns. In TD, this study assessed images of other people, but not self-image, and an opposite pattern emerged for ASD, whose maturity in self-image was significantly associated with AR scores. Conclusions: These results suggest that the HFD test cannot be used with individuals with autism in clinical practice. However, in basic research, HFDs can be used to highlight dependencies between drawing performance and neurobiological features, thereby potentially identifying autism activity. indicates
Children have been using drawings to express themselves since ancient times, and the subject has attracted the interest of scientists since the late 19th century. In fact, by analyzing the presence/absence of graphic elements such as detail, color, proportion, and shape, it is possible to find a developmental maturity track based on children’s drawings. Historically, the Draw-A-Man Test (DAMT), developed by Goodenough, represents the first systematic scoring system for children’s drawings, designed to provide a surrogate measure of children’s intelligence. Scores were initially based on the number of details and accuracy of each body part Harris later revised the DAMT , which asked children to draw not just one person, but three human portraits: a generic man, a generic woman, and a self-portrait. The scoring system has been updated to assess maturity, also accounting for data accuracy and proportionality.
Since this initial pioneering study, many revisions and applications have been made to improve the utility of the DAMT test and the human drawing test (HFD) in general, with children also limited by their versatility and utility. and language difficulties There is no exception to the use of HFD in the case of autism
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Regarding drawing in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), it has been reported that children with autism have an extraordinary drawing ability far beyond normal cognitive levels [ 4 , 5 , 6 ], and the ability is not impaired. Normal age matching Companion [7, 8]. However, Lee and Hobson  reported slightly lower global scores on the HFD for children with ASD compared to children with learning difficulties, but the same pattern did not emerge between groups in the home picture. Similarly, Lim and Marbad  showed that children with autism on HFD are generally more sophisticated and elaborate than children without autism. Because of this conflicting pattern of results, whether children with autism differ from their age-matched TD peers remains a matter of debate, raising the question of whether human models can be useful in autism clinical practice. In fact, although excluded from the battery used to diagnose NSUs in international guidelines , maturity scores may differ with other neuropsychological indices that cannot be easily obtained in children with ASD.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a large multifactorial disorder characterized by a specialization in the areas of social communication, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviors. The incidence of ASDs is worldwide and was estimated to be greater than 1/100 in recent epidemiological data. ASDs vary greatly in the severity of their social communication impairments and cognitive and language development
Many of the interpersonal social difficulties in ASD stem in part from impairments in children’s social perception, which in turn depends on cognitive  and motor  processes. Social perception refers to children’s ability to understand other people, their mental states, feelings, and emotions.
Measurement Of Intelligence By Drawings By Florence L. Ph.d (edited By Lewis M. Terman) Goodenough
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